China has become more involved in Nepal’s internal affairs since the Maoist President Pushpa Kamal Dahal’s “Prachanda” government was established on December 26, 2022. 

After the elections on November 20 and the formation of the Maoist President Pushpa Kamal Dahal’s “Prachanda” government, China’s interference in Nepal has become more obvious, according to Eperdafas. This implies that Nepal might support a rise in Chinese influence in South Asia.

On the 130th birth anniversary of Prachanda’s ideological father Mao Zedong, Dahal was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Nepal.

Nepal held its general election on 20 November 2022, in which Dahal’s Maoist Center established itself as the third largest party by winning 32 seats in the 275-member House of Representatives. The Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu was the first to congratulate Dahal on his appointment as Prime Minister.

On December 26, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Mao Ning said that as a traditional friend and neighbor of Nepal, China attaches great importance to its relations with Nepal.

“We look forward to working closely with the new Nepali government to enhance friendly exchanges and cooperation, and carry forward high-quality Belt and Road cooperation. May our Strategic Cooperative Partnership, characterized by an enduring friendship for growth and prosperity, be given new momentum and bring greater benefits to both our peoples,” he told the media.

After the establishment of the Dahal government, various activities have been done by China in Nepal. A Chinese expert team arrived in Nepal on December 27, 2022 to conduct a detailed study of the Kathmandu-Kerung Railway. The Kerung-Kathmandu railway is one of the nine development projects under China’s BRI in Nepal.

Even though the Dahal-led Communist government in Kathmandu is upbeat and optimistic about Beijing’s support for economic prosperity, experts and senior economists in Kathmandu express concern about the BRI. They are concerned that the implementation of large-scale projects could lead Nepal to a Sri Lanka-like debt trap, which could undermine its sovereignty in the long run.

According to recent media reports, China has recently taken possession of 36 hectares of Nepali territory along the northern border as a result of its salami-slicing strategy.  China has reportedly taken over 36 hectares of Nepali territory at ten different locations along its northern border, according to a survey report made public by the Ministry of Agriculture. Similar to this, a study by the Ministry of Home Affairs came to the conclusion that Nepal’s state policy must address border issues.

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